Tax Bills and Delinquent Taxes
Q: When do taxing units mail tax bills?
A: Taxing units usually mail their bills around October 1.
Q: May I pay only part of the taxes due?
A: State law allows taxing units, at their option, to authorize tax collectors to accept one-half of a taxpayer's taxes by November 30 and the remainder by June 30 without paying penalty and interest. Not all taxing units offer this option.
Tax collectors also may choose to collect partial payments, payments by credit card, or escrow payments. Such payments do not forestall any penalty and interest on the unpaid portions.
Q: But, I'm on a limited income because I'm disabled or elderly. Is there a special payment plan for age 65 or older or disabled persons?
A:A homeowner that qualifies for the age-65 or disabled exemption may pay current taxes on his or her home in four installments. The person must pay at least one-fourth of the taxes before February 1. With this payment, the homeowner indicates that taxes are being paid in installments. The remaining payments are due before April 1, June 1 and August 1-without any penalty and interest. If the person misses an installment payment, a six-percent penalty and also interest (at 1 percent for each month delinquent) is added to the installment amount.
Q: What is the deadline for paying taxes without penalty and interest?
A: The deadline to pay is January 31. The tax collector will add penalty and interest charges to taxes that are unpaid on February 1. In rare instances, a taxpayer may have a delinquency date later than February 1-check with your tax office.
Q: What is the amount of penalty and interest?
A: If taxes go delinquent, the tax collector adds a 6 percent penalty and 1 percent interest in February. Penalty continues to accrue at 1 percent per month until July 1. On July 1, the penalty is 12 percent. Interest continues to accrue at 1 percent per month until paid. For example, on July 1, unpaid taxes would have accrued a total of 18 percent penalty and interest (12 percent penalty and 6 percent interest).
To this amount, a taxing unit also may add a penalty of up to 20 percent for attorney fees.
Q: Can a taxing unit waive penalty and interest due on delinquent taxes?
A: State law requires a taxing unit's governing body to waive penalty and may waive interest on a delinquent tax if the taxing unit or its agent caused an owner's taxes to go delinquent. The property owner must pay the tax no later than the 21st day after he or she knows or should have known of the delinquency. The property owner must request the waiver before the 181st day (six months) after the delinquency to receive a refund of the penalty and interest.
Q: If I serve in the armed forces, may a taxing unit waive penalty and interest due on delinquent taxes?
A: State law allows you to request a waiver of penalty and interest on your delinquent taxes if you are in the United States armed forces during a war or national emergency declared in accordance with federal laws. To receive the waiver, you should file a Military Property Owner's Request for Waiver of Delinquent Penalty and Interest form within 60 days from the earliest date of the following events: (1) discharge from the active military service; (2) return to the state for more than 10 days; (3) return to non-active duty status in the reserves; or (4) the war or national emergency ends.
Q: When can the additional penalty for attorney fees be added?
A: Taxes that become delinquent on or after February 1 but not later than May 1 and remain delinquent on July 1 of the tax year incur the additional penalty for attorney fees of up to 15 percent. The taxing unit must contract with an attorney to collect delinquent taxes. The tax collector must mail the delinquent taxpayer a notice that the additional penalty will be added July 1. The collector sends the notice not earlier than 30 and no more than 60 days from July 1 - during the month of May. The attorney will pursue collection of the taxes through legal proceedings, if necessary.
Also, the collector that has a contract with an attorney may add the 15-percent penalty to taxes that become delinquent on or after June 1. The delinquent taxes include those under the split payment option, installment payments for over-65 or disabled persons, or taxes on late mailed bills that have a later delinquency date than February 1. The penalty attaches the first day of the first month that begins at least 21 days after the date a notice of delinquency and penalty is sent to the property owner.
Q: If I didn't receive a tax bill, don't I get more time to pay without penalty and interest?
A: No. State law provides that failing to send or receive a tax bill does not affect the validity of the tax, penalty, or interest due by an individual, the tax's delinquency date, the existence of a tax lien, or any procedure the taxing unit institutes to collect the tax. Property owners know that property taxes are due each year and should check if they do not receive a tax bill.
You may want to check with your mortgage company to determine if your taxes were paid timely.
Q: If I'm elderly or disabled and can't pay my taxes, will the taxing units sell my house and put me on the street for not paying my taxes?
A: If you are 65 or older or disabled, you may defer or postpone paying any current or delinquent property taxes on your home for as long as you own and live in it. To postpone tax payments, you must file a tax deferral affidavit with the appraisal district. You may suspend any lawsuit by filing an affidavit with the court. Or you may suspend a pending sale to foreclose on the homestead’s tax lien, if you file for the abatement up to five days before the date of the sale. The deferral is for all delinquent property taxes owed taxing units that tax the home.
A tax deferral only postpones paying taxes. It doesn't cancel them. Interest is added at the rate of 8 percent a year. Once the owner no longer owns the home or lives in it, past taxes and interest become due. Any penalty and interest that was due on the tax bill for the home before the tax deferral will remain on the property and also become due when the tax deferral ends. After the tax deferral ends and the taxes remain unpaid, the taxing units may add attorney fees on the 181st day after the deferral and pursue tax collectionsit, past taxes and interest become due. Any penalty and interest that was due on the tax bill for the home before the tax deferral will remain on the property and also become due when the tax deferral ends. After the tax deferral ends and the taxes remain unpaid, the taxing units may add attorney fees on the 91st day after the deferral and pursue tax collections.
Your surviving spouse age 55 or older may continue to receive the tax deferral if the surviving spouse owns and lives in the home.
Q: May a property owner pay a portion of delinquent taxes?
A: Some tax collectors allow delinquent property owners to pay delinquent taxes in installments for up to 36 months. A tax collector isn't required to offer this option. Before signing an installment agreement, you should know that the law considers the taxpayer's signature an irrevocable admission that you owe all the taxes covered by the agreement.
Q: When can a taxing unit file a delinquent tax suit?
A: A taxing unit may file a lawsuit at any time once taxes on a property go delinquent. The taxing unit's last resort is taking a delinquent property owner to court. If a delinquent tax suit is successful, the court costs will be added to the delinquent tax bill. Each owner who owns taxable property on January 1 is liable for all taxes due on the property for that year. This means that an owner who owned taxable property on January 1 can be sued personally for delinquent taxes on a property, even if the property has been sold or transferred since then.
Each taxing unit holds a tax lien on each item of taxable property. This tax lien gives the court the power to foreclose on the lien and seize the property, even if its ownership has changed. The property will then be auctioned, and the proceeds used to pay the taxes.
Contact your local taxing unit to discuss the specifics of your tax situation.
Q: May I defer my taxes if a taxing unit has filed a suit in district court for failure to pay taxes on my property?
A: Yes. You may “abate,” the delinquent taxes if a taxing unit has filed a suit in district court for foreclosure purposes. If a judgment was rendered, you still may abate the taxes; however, you must do so five days prior to the tax sale.
Q: Can a property owner whose property was sold at an auction get that property back?
A: Yes. A person can redeem the foreclosed property within six months after the purchaser's deed is filed for record. The old owner must pay the new owner the purchase bid for the property, plus recording fees, amount of any taxes, penalties, interest, and costs on the property, plus 25 percent of the aggregate total. If the property was a residence homestead or land designated agricultural use when the lawsuit was filed, the old owner may redeem the property within two years from the date the deed was recorded. The first year includes 25 percent of the aggregate total; the second year is at 50 percent of the total.