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Texas Property Code 2017 Chapter 25

Texas Property Tax Code
2017 Edition
Texas Comptroller of Public Accounts

The Texas Property Tax Code available on this website are current through the Regular Session of the 84th Legislature, June 2017. The Texas Constitution is current through the amendments approved by voters in November 2015.

Return to: Texas Property Tax code Table of contents

TITLE 1. PROPERTY TAX CODE

SUBTITLE D. APPRAISAL AND ASSESSMENT

CHAPTER 25. LOCAL APPRAISAL

Sec. 25.01. PREPARATION OF APPRAISAL RECORDS. (a) By May 15 or as soon thereafter as practicable, the chief appraiser shall prepare appraisal records listing all property that is taxable in the district and stating the appraised value of each.

(b) The chief appraiser with the approval of the board of directors of the district may contract with a private appraisal firm to perform appraisal services for the district, subject to his approval. A contract for private appraisal services is void if the amount of compensation to be paid the private appraisal firm is contingent on the amount of or increase in appraised, assessed, or taxable value of property appraised by the appraisal firm.

(c) A contract for appraisal services for an appraisal district is invalid if it does not provide that copies of the appraisal, together with supporting data, must be made available to the appraisal district and such appraisals and supporting data shall be public records. “Supporting data” shall not be construed to include personal notes, correspondence, working papers, thought processes, or any other matters of a privileged or proprietary nature.

Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 2269, ch. 841, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1981, 67th Leg., 1st C.S., p. 156, ch. 13, Sec. 96, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 25.011. SPECIAL APPRAISAL RECORDS. (a) The chief appraiser for each appraisal district shall prepare and maintain a record of property specially appraised under Chapter 23 of this code and subject, in the future, to additional taxation for change in use or status.

(b) The record for each type of specially appraised property must be maintained in a separate document for each 12-month period beginning June 1. The document must include the name of at least one owner of the property, the acreage of the property, and other information sufficient to identify the property as required by the comptroller. All entries in each document must be kept in alphabetical order according to the last name of each owner whose name is part of the record.

Added by Acts 1981, 67th Leg., 1st C.S., p. 156, ch. 13, Sec. 97, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 2nd C.S., ch. 6, Sec. 40, eff. Sept. 1, 1991.

Sec. 25.02. FORM AND CONTENT. (a) The appraisal records shall be in the form prescribed by the comptroller and shall include:

(1) the name and address of the owner or, if the name or address is unknown, a statement that it is unknown;

(2) real property;

(3) separately taxable estates or interests in real property, including taxable possessory interests in exempt real property;

(4) personal property;

(5) the appraised value of land and, if the land is appraised as provided by Subchapter C, D, E, or H, Chapter 23, the market value of the land;

(6) the appraised value of improvements to land;

(7) the appraised value of a separately taxable estate or interest in land;

(8) the appraised value of personal property;

(9) the kind of any partial exemption the owner is entitled to receive, whether the exemption applies to appraised or assessed value, and, in the case of an exemption authorized by Section 11.23, the amount of the exemption;

(10) the tax year to which the appraisal applies; and

(11) an identification of each taxing unit in which the property is taxable.

(b) A mistake in the name or address of an owner does not affect the validity of the appraisal records, of any appraisal or tax roll based on them, or of the tax imposed. The mistake may be corrected as provided by this code.

Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 2270, ch. 841, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1981, 67th Leg., 1st C.S., p. 157, ch. 13, Sec. 98, eff. Jan. 1, 1982; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 2nd C.S., ch. 6, Sec. 41, eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 631, Sec. 6, eff. Sept. 1, 1999.

Sec. 25.025. CONFIDENTIALITY OF CERTAIN HOME ADDRESS INFORMATION.

Text of subsection as amended by Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 41 (S.B. 256), Sec. 7


(a) This section applies only to:

(1) a current or former peace officer as defined by Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure;

(2) a county jailer as defined by Section 1701.001, Occupations Code;

(3) an employee of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice;

(4) a commissioned security officer as defined by Section 1702.002, Occupations Code;

(5) an individual who shows that the individual, the individual’s child, or another person in the individual’s household is a victim of family violence as defined by Section 71.004, Family Code, by providing:

(A) a copy of a protective order issued under Chapter 85, Family Code, or a magistrate’s order for emergency protection issued under Article 17.292, Code of Criminal Procedure; or

(B) other independent documentary evidence necessary to show that the individual, the individual’s child, or another person in the individual’s household is a victim of family violence;

(6) an individual who shows that the individual, the individual’s child, or another person in the individual’s household is a victim of sexual assault or abuse, stalking, or trafficking of persons by providing:

(A) a copy of a protective order issued under Chapter 7A or Article 6.09, Code of Criminal Procedure, or a magistrate’s order for emergency protection issued under Article 17.292, Code of Criminal Procedure; or

(B) other independent documentary evidence necessary to show that the individual, the individual’s child, or another person in the individual’s household is a victim of sexual assault or abuse, stalking, or trafficking of persons;

(7) a participant in the address confidentiality program administered by the attorney general under Subchapter C, Chapter 56, Code of Criminal Procedure, who provides proof of certification under Article 56.84, Code of Criminal Procedure;

(8) a federal judge, a state judge, or the spouse of a federal judge or state judge;

(9) a current or former employee of a district attorney, criminal district attorney, or county or municipal attorney whose jurisdiction includes any criminal law or child protective services matters;

(10) an officer or employee of a community supervision and corrections department established under Chapter 76, Government Code, who performs a duty described by Section 76.004(b) of that code;

(11) a criminal investigator of the United States as described by Article 2.122(a), Code of Criminal Procedure;

(12) a police officer or inspector of the United States Federal Protective Service;

(13) a current or former United States attorney or assistant United States attorney and the spouse and child of the attorney;

(14) a current or former employee of the office of the attorney general who is or was assigned to a division of that office the duties of which involve law enforcement;

(15) a medical examiner or person who performs forensic analysis or testing who is employed by this state or one or more political subdivisions of this state;

(16) a current or former member of the United States armed forces who has served in an area that the president of the United States by executive order designates for purposes of 26 U.S.C. Section 112 as an area in which armed forces of the United States are or have engaged in combat;

(17) a current or former employee of the Texas Juvenile Justice Department or of the predecessors in function of the department;

(18) a current or former juvenile probation or supervision officer certified by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department, or the predecessors in function of the department, under Title 12, Human Resources Code; and

(19) a current or former employee of a juvenile justice program or facility, as those terms are defined by Section 261.405, Family Code.

Text of subsection as amended by Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 193 (S.B. 510), Sec. 1


(a) This section applies only to:

(1) a current or former peace officer as defined by Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure;

(2) a county jailer as defined by Section 1701.001, Occupations Code;

(3) an employee of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice;

(4) a commissioned security officer as defined by Section 1702.002, Occupations Code;

(5) a victim of family violence as defined by Section 71.004, Family Code, if as a result of the act of family violence against the victim, the actor is convicted of a felony or a Class A misdemeanor;

(6) a federal judge, a state judge, or the spouse of a federal judge or state judge;

(7) a current or former employee of a district attorney, criminal district attorney, or county or municipal attorney whose jurisdiction includes any criminal law or child protective services matters;

(8) an officer or employee of a community supervision and corrections department established under Chapter 76, Government Code, who performs a duty described by Section 76.004(b) of that code;

(9) a criminal investigator of the United States as described by Article 2.122(a), Code of Criminal Procedure;

(10) a police officer or inspector of the United States Federal Protective Service;

(11) a current or former United States attorney or assistant United States attorney and the spouse and child of the attorney;

(12) a current or former employee of the office of the attorney general who is or was assigned to a division of that office the duties of which involve law enforcement;

(13) a medical examiner or person who performs forensic analysis or testing who is employed by this state or one or more political subdivisions of this state;

(14) a current or former member of the United States armed forces who has served in an area that the president of the United States by executive order designates for purposes of 26 U.S.C. Section 112 as an area in which armed forces of the United States are or have engaged in combat;

(15) a current or former employee of the Texas Juvenile Justice Department or of the predecessors in function of the department;

(16) a current or former juvenile probation or supervision officer certified by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department, or the predecessors in function of the department, under Title 12, Human Resources Code;

(17) a current or former employee of a juvenile justice program or facility, as those terms are defined by Section 261.405, Family Code; and

(18) a current or former employee of a federal judge or state judge.

Text of subsection as amended by Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1006 (H.B. 1278), Sec. 3


(a) This section applies only to:

(1) a current or former peace officer as defined by Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure;

(2) a county jailer as defined by Section 1701.001, Occupations Code;

(3) an employee of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice;

(4) a commissioned security officer as defined by Section 1702.002, Occupations Code;

(5) a victim of family violence as defined by Section 71.004, Family Code, if as a result of the act of family violence against the victim, the actor is convicted of a felony or a Class A misdemeanor;

(6) a federal judge, a state judge, or the spouse of a federal judge or state judge;

(7) a current or former district attorney, criminal district attorney, or county or municipal attorney whose jurisdiction includes any criminal law or child protective services matters;

(7-a) a current or former employee of a district attorney, criminal district attorney, or county or municipal attorney whose jurisdiction includes any criminal law or child protective services matters;

(8) an officer or employee of a community supervision and corrections department established under Chapter 76, Government Code, who performs a duty described by Section 76.004(b) of that code;

(9) a criminal investigator of the United States as described by Article 2.122(a), Code of Criminal Procedure;

(10) a police officer or inspector of the United States Federal Protective Service;

(11) a current or former United States attorney or assistant United States attorney and the spouse and child of the attorney;

(12) a current or former employee of the office of the attorney general who is or was assigned to a division of that office the duties of which involve law enforcement;

(13) a medical examiner or person who performs forensic analysis or testing who is employed by this state or one or more political subdivisions of this state;

(14) a current or former member of the United States armed forces who has served in an area that the president of the United States by executive order designates for purposes of 26 U.S.C. Section 112 as an area in which armed forces of the United States are or have engaged in combat;

(15) a current or former employee of the Texas Juvenile Justice Department or of the predecessors in function of the department;

(16) a current or former juvenile probation or supervision officer certified by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department, or the predecessors in function of the department, under Title 12, Human Resources Code; and

(17) a current or former employee of a juvenile justice program or facility, as those terms are defined by Section 261.405, Family Code.

Text of subsection as amended by Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1145 (H.B. 457), Sec. 1


(a) This section applies only to:

(1) a current or former peace officer as defined by Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure, and the spouse or surviving spouse of the peace officer;

(2) the adult child of a current peace officer as defined by Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure;

(3) a county jailer as defined by Section 1701.001, Occupations Code;

(4) an employee of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice;

(5) a commissioned security officer as defined by Section 1702.002, Occupations Code;

(6) a victim of family violence as defined by Section 71.004, Family Code, if as a result of the act of family violence against the victim, the actor is convicted of a felony or a Class A misdemeanor;

(7) a federal judge, a state judge, or the spouse of a federal judge or state judge;

(8) a current or former employee of a district attorney, criminal district attorney, or county or municipal attorney whose jurisdiction includes any criminal law or child protective services matters;

(9) an officer or employee of a community supervision and corrections department established under Chapter 76, Government Code, who performs a duty described by Section 76.004(b) of that code;

(10) a criminal investigator of the United States as described by Article 2.122(a), Code of Criminal Procedure;

(11) a police officer or inspector of the United States Federal Protective Service;

(12) a current or former United States attorney or assistant United States attorney and the spouse and child of the attorney;

(13) a current or former employee of the office of the attorney general who is or was assigned to a division of that office the duties of which involve law enforcement;

(14) a medical examiner or person who performs forensic analysis or testing who is employed by this state or one or more political subdivisions of this state;

(15) a current or former member of the United States armed forces who has served in an area that the president of the United States by executive order designates for purposes of 26 U.S.C. Section 112 as an area in which armed forces of the United States are or have engaged in combat;

(16) a current or former employee of the Texas Juvenile Justice Department or of the predecessors in function of the department;

(17) a current or former juvenile probation or supervision officer certified by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department, or the predecessors in function of the department, under Title 12, Human Resources Code; and

(18) a current or former employee of a juvenile justice program or facility, as those terms are defined by Section 261.405, Family Code.

Text of subsection as amended by Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 34 (S.B. 1576), Sec. 33


(a) This section applies only to:

(1) a current or former peace officer as defined by Article 2.12, Code of Criminal Procedure;

(2) a county jailer as defined by Section 1701.001, Occupations Code;

(3) an employee of the Texas Department of Criminal Justice;

(4) a commissioned security officer as defined by Section 1702.002, Occupations Code;

(5) a victim of family violence as defined by Section 71.004, Family Code, if as a result of the act of family violence against the victim, the actor is convicted of a felony or a Class A misdemeanor;

(6) a federal judge, a state judge, or the spouse of a federal judge or state judge;

(7) a current or former employee of a district attorney, criminal district attorney, or county or municipal attorney whose jurisdiction includes any criminal law or child protective services matters;

(8) an officer or employee of a community supervision and corrections department established under Chapter 76, Government Code, who performs a duty described by Section 76.004(b) of that code;

(9) a criminal investigator of the United States as described by Article 2.122(a), Code of Criminal Procedure;

(10) a police officer or inspector of the United States Federal Protective Service;

(11) a current or former United States attorney or assistant United States attorney and the spouse and child of the attorney;

(12) a current or former employee of the office of the attorney general who is or was assigned to a division of that office the duties of which involve law enforcement;

(13) a medical examiner or person who performs forensic analysis or testing who is employed by this state or one or more political subdivisions of this state;

(14) a current or former member of the United States armed forces who has served in an area that the president of the United States by executive order designates for purposes of 26 U.S.C. Section 112 as an area in which armed forces of the United States are or have engaged in combat;

(15) a current or former employee of the Texas Juvenile Justice Department or of the predecessors in function of the department;

(16) a current or former juvenile probation or supervision officer certified by the Texas Juvenile Justice Department, or the predecessors in function of the department, under Title 12, Human Resources Code;

(17) a current or former employee of a juvenile justice program or facility, as those terms are defined by Section 261.405, Family Code; and

(18) a current or former employee of the Texas Civil Commitment Office or of the predecessor in function of the office or a division of the office.

(a-1) In this section:

(1) “Federal judge” means:

(A) a judge, former judge, or retired judge of a United States court of appeals;

(B) a judge, former judge, or retired judge of a United States district court;

(C) a judge, former judge, or retired judge of a United States bankruptcy court; or

(D) a magistrate judge, former magistrate judge, or retired magistrate judge of a United States district court.

(2) “State judge” means:

(A) a judge, former judge, or retired judge of an appellate court, a district court, a statutory probate court, a constitutional county court, or a county court at law of this state;

(B) an associate judge appointed under Chapter 201, Family Code, or Chapter 54A, Government Code, or a retired associate judge or former associate judge appointed under either law;

(C) a justice of the peace;

(D) a master, magistrate, referee, hearing officer, or associate judge appointed under Chapter 54, Government Code; or

(E) a municipal court judge.

(b) Information in appraisal records under Section 25.02 is confidential and is available only for the official use of the appraisal district, this state, the comptroller, and taxing units and political subdivisions of this state if:

(1) the information identifies the home address of a named individual to whom this section applies; and

(2) the individual:

(A) chooses to restrict public access to the information on the form prescribed for that purpose by the comptroller under Section 5.07; or

(B) is a federal or state judge as defined by Section 572.002, Government Code, or the spouse of a federal or state judge, beginning on the date the Office of Court Administration of the Texas Judicial System notifies the appraisal district of the judge’s qualification for the judge’s office.

(c) A choice made under Subsection (b) remains valid until rescinded in writing by the individual.

(d) This section does not prohibit the public disclosure of information in appraisal records that identifies property according to an address if the information does not identify an individual who has made an election under Subsection (b) in connection with the individual’s address.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 119, Sec. 4, eff. Sept. 1, 2001. Amended by Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 703, Sec. 1, eff. June 20, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 594 (H.B. 41), Sec. 11, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 621 (H.B. 455), Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2007.

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 851 (H.B. 1141), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2007.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 87 (S.B. 1969), Sec. 22.003, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 465 (S.B. 281), Sec. 7, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 732 (S.B. 390), Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1259 (H.B. 559), Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2009, 81st Leg., R.S., Ch. 1259 (H.B. 559), Sec. 4, eff. September 1, 2009.

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 348 (H.B. 3307), Sec. 1, eff. June 17, 2011.

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 953 (H.B. 1046), Sec. 3, eff. June 17, 2011.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 161 (S.B. 1093), Sec. 19.001, eff. September 1, 2013.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 202 (S.B. 1896), Sec. 1, eff. May 25, 2013.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 996 (H.B. 2267), Sec. 1, eff. June 14, 2013.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1028 (H.B. 2676), Sec. 1, eff. June 14, 2013.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 527 (H.B. 1311), Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2015.

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1236 (S.B. 1296), Sec. 16.001, eff. September 1, 2015.

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 34 (S.B. 1576), Sec. 33, eff. September 1, 2017.

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 41 (S.B. 256), Sec. 7, eff. May 19, 2017.

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 190 (S.B. 42), Sec. 26, eff. September 1, 2017.

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 193 (S.B. 510), Sec. 1, eff. May 27, 2017.

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1006 (H.B. 1278), Sec. 3, eff. June 15, 2017.

Acts 2017, 85th Leg., R.S., Ch. 1145 (H.B. 457), Sec. 1, eff. June 15, 2017.

Sec. 25.026. CONFIDENTIALITY OF CERTAIN SHELTER CENTER AND SEXUAL ASSAULT PROGRAM ADDRESS INFORMATION. (a) In this section:

(1) “Family violence shelter center” has the meaning assigned by Section 51.002, Human Resources Code.

(2) “Sexual assault program” has the meaning assigned by Section 420.003, Government Code.

(3) “Victims of trafficking shelter center” means a program that:

(A) is operated by a public or private nonprofit organization; and

(B) provides comprehensive residential and nonresidential services to victims of trafficking of persons under Section 20A.02, Penal Code.

(b) Information in appraisal records under Section 25.02 is confidential and is available only for the official use of the appraisal district, this state, the comptroller, and taxing units and political subdivisions of this state if the information identifies the address of a family violence shelter center, a sexual assault program, or a victims of trafficking shelter center.

Added by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 119, Sec. 5, eff. Sept. 1, 2001.

Amended by:

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 1008 (H.B. 2329), Sec. 3, eff. September 1, 2011.

Sec. 25.027. RESTRICTION ON POSTING INFORMATION ON INTERNET WEBSITE. (a) Information in appraisal records may not be posted on the Internet if the information:

(1) is a photograph, sketch, or floor plan of an improvement to real property that is designed primarily for use as a human residence; or

(2) indicates the age of a property owner, including information indicating that a property owner is 65 years of age or older.

(b) Subsection (a)(1) does not apply to an aerial photograph that depicts five or more separately owned buildings.

Added by Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 29 (S.B. 541), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2005.

Amended by:

Acts 2015, 84th Leg., R.S., Ch. 337 (H.B. 394), Sec. 1, eff. September 1, 2015.

Sec. 25.03. DESCRIPTION. (a) Property shall be described in the appraisal records with sufficient certainty to identify it. The description of a manufactured home shall include the correct identification or serial number of the home or the Department of Housing and Urban Development label number or the state seal number in addition to the information required in Subsection (c) of this Section. A manufactured home shall not be included in the appraisal records unless this identification and descriptive information is included.

(b) The comptroller may adopt rules establishing minimum standards for descriptions of property.

(c) Each description of a manufactured home shall include the approximate square footage, the approximate age, the general physical condition, and any characteristics which distinguish the particular manufactured home.

Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 2270, ch. 841, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., ch. 617, Sec. 10, eff. Aug. 26, 1991; Acts 1991, 72nd Leg., 2nd C.S., ch. 6, Sec. 42, eff. Sept. 1, 1991; Acts 1993, 73rd Leg., ch. 274, Sec. 13, eff. Aug. 30, 1993.

Sec. 25.04. SEPARATE ESTATES OR INTERESTS. Except as otherwise provided by this chapter, when different persons own land and improvements in separate estates or interests, each separately owned estate or interest shall be listed separately in the name of the owner of each if the estate or interest is described in a duly executed and recorded instrument of title.

Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 2270, ch. 841, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 25.05. LIFE ESTATES. Real property owned by a life tenant and remainderman shall be listed in the name of the life tenant.

Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 2270, ch. 841, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982.

Sec. 25.06. PROPERTY ENCUMBERED BY POSSESSORY OR SECURITY INTEREST. (a) Except as provided by Section 25.07, property encumbered by a leasehold or other possessory interest or by a mortgage, deed of trust, or other interest securing payment or performance of an obligation shall be listed in the name of the owner of the property so encumbered.

(b) Except as otherwise directed in writing under Section 1.111(f), real property that is subject to an installment contract of sale shall be listed in the name of the seller if the installment contract is not filed of record in the real property records of the county.

(c) This section does not apply to:

(1) any portion of a facility owned by the Texas Department of Transportation that is a rail facility or system or is a highway in the state highway system and that is licensed or leased to a private entity by that department under Chapter 91 or 223, Transportation Code; or

(2) a leasehold or other possessory interest granted by the Texas Department of Transportation in a facility owned by that department that is a rail facility or system or is a highway in the state highway system.

Acts 1979, 66th Leg., p. 2270, ch. 841, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 1982. Amended by Acts 1995, 74th Leg., ch. 579, Sec. 9, eff. Jan. 1, 1996; Acts 1999, 76th Leg., ch. 1481, Sec. 6, eff. Jan. 1, 2000.

Amended by:

Acts 2005, 79th Leg., Ch. 281 (H.B. 2702), Sec. 2.96, eff. June 14, 2005.

Acts 2011, 82nd Leg., R.S., Ch. 259 (H.B. 1201), Sec. 2, eff. June 17, 2011.

Sec. 25.07. LEASEHOLD AND OTHER POSSESSORY INTERESTS IN EXEMPT PROPERTY. (a) Except as provided by Subsection (b) of this section, a leasehold or other possessory interest in real property that is exempt from taxation to the owner of the estate or interest encumbered by the possessory interest shall be listed in the name of the owner of the possessory interest if the duration of the interest may be at least one year.

(b) Except as provided by Sections 11.11(b) and (c), a leasehold or other possessory interest in exempt property may not be listed if:

(1) the property is permanent university fund land;

(2) the property is county public school fund agricultural land;

(3) the property is a part of a public transportation facility owned by a municipality or county and:

(A) is an airport passenger terminal building or a building used primarily for maintenance of aircraft or other aircraft services, for aircraft equipment storage, or for air cargo;

(B) is an airport fueling system facility;

(C) is in a foreign-trade zone:

(i) that has been granted to a joint airport board under Subchapter C, Chapter 681, Business & Commerce Code;

(ii) the area of which in the portion of the zone located in the airport operated by the joint airport board does not exceed 2,500 acres; and

(iii) that is established and operating pursuant to federal law; or

(D)(i) is in a foreign trade zone established pursuant to federal law after June 1, 1991, that operates pursuant to federal law;

(ii) is contiguous to or has access via a taxiway to an airport located in two counties, one of which has a population of 500,000 or more according to the federal decennial census most recently preceding the establishment of the foreign trade zone; and

(iii) is owned, directly or through a corporation organized under the Development Corporation Act (Subtitle C1, Title 12, Local Government Code), by the same municipality that owns the airport;

(4) the interest is in a part of:

(A) a park, market, fairground, or similar public facility that is owned by a municipality; or

(B) a convention center, visitor center, sports facility with permanent seating, concert hall, arena, or stadium that is owned by a municipality as such leasehold or possessory interest serves a governmental, municipal, or public purpose or function when the facility is open to the public, regardless of whether a fee is charged for admission;

(5) the interest involves only the right to use the property for grazing or other agricultural purposes;

(6) the property is:

(A) owned by a municipality, a public port, or a navigation district created or operating under Section 59, Article XVI, Texas Constitution, or under a statute enacted under Section 59, Article XVI, Texas Constitution; and

(B) used as an aid or facility incidental to or useful in the operation or development of a port or waterway or in aid of navigation-related commerce; or