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Sec. 11.182

Sec. 11.182. COMMUNITY HOUSING DEVELOPMENT ORGANIZATIONS IMPROVING PROPERTY FOR LOW-INCOME AND MODERATE-INCOME HOUSING: PROPERTY PREVIOUSLY EXEMPT. (a) In this section:

(1) “Cash flow” means the amount of money generated by a housing project for a fiscal year less the disbursements for that fiscal year for operation and maintenance of the project, including:

(A) standard property maintenance;

(B) debt service;

(C) employee compensation;

(D) fees required by government agencies;

(E) expenses incurred in satisfaction of requirements of lenders, including reserve requirements;

(F) insurance; and

(G) other justifiable expenses related to the operation and maintenance of the project.

(2) “Community housing development organization” has the meaning assigned by 42 U.S.C. Section 12704.

(b) An organization is entitled to an exemption from taxation of improved or unimproved real property it owns if the organization:

(1) is organized as a community housing development organization;

(2) meets the requirements of a charitable organization provided by Sections 11.18(e) and (f);

(3) owns the property for the purpose of building or repairing housing on the property to sell without profit to a low-income or moderate-income individual or family satisfying the organization’s eligibility requirements or to rent without profit to such an individual or family; and

(4) engages exclusively in the building, repair, and sale or rental of housing as described by Subdivision (3) and related activities.

(c) Property owned by the organization may not be exempted under Subsection (b) after the third anniversary of the date the organization acquires the property unless the organization is offering to rent or is renting the property without profit to a low-income or moderate-income individual or family satisfying the organization’s eligibility requirements.

(d) A multifamily rental property consisting of 36 or more dwelling units owned by the organization that is exempted under Subsection (b) may not be exempted in a subsequent tax year unless in the preceding tax year the organization spent, for eligible persons in the county in which the property is located, an amount equal to at least 40 percent of the total amount of taxes that would have been imposed on the property in that year without the exemption on social, educational, or economic development services, capital improvement projects, or rent reduction. This subsection does not apply to property acquired by the organization using tax-exempt bond financing after January 1, 1997, and before December 31, 2001.

(e) In addition to meeting the applicable requirements of Subsections (b) and (c), to receive an exemption under Subsection (b) for improved real property that includes a housing project constructed after December 31, 2001, and financed with qualified 501(c)(3) bonds issued under Section 145 of the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, tax-exempt private activity bonds subject to volume cap, or low-income housing tax credits, the organization must:

(1) control 100 percent of the interest in the general partner if the project is owned by a limited partnership;

(2) comply with all rules of and laws administered by the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs applicable to community housing development organizations; and

(3) submit annually to the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs and to the governing body of each taxing unit for which the project receives an exemption for the housing project evidence demonstrating that the organization spent an amount equal to at least 90 percent of the project’s cash flow in the preceding fiscal year as determined by the audit required by Subsection (g), for eligible persons in the county in which the property is located, on social, educational, or economic development services, capital improvement projects, or rent reduction.

(f) An organization entitled to an exemption under Subsection (b) is also entitled to an exemption from taxation of any building or tangible personal property the organization owns and uses in the administration of its acquisition, building, repair, sale, or rental of property. To qualify for an exemption under this subsection, property must be used exclusively by the organization, except that another person may use the property for activities incidental to the organization’s use that benefit the beneficiaries of the organization.

(g) To receive an exemption under Subsection (b) or (f), an organization must annually:

(1) have an audit prepared by an independent auditor that includes a detailed report on the organization’s sources and uses of funds; and

(2) deliver a copy of the audit to the Texas Department of Housing and Community Affairs and to the chief appraiser of the appraisal district in which the property subject to the exemption is located.

(h) Subsections (d) and (e)(3) do not apply to property owned by an organization if:

(1) the entity that provided the financing for the acquisition or construction of the property:

(A) requires the organization to make payments in lieu of taxes to the school district in which the property is located; or

(B) restricts the amount of rent the organization may charge for dwelling units on the property; or

(2) the organization has entered into an agreement with each taxing unit for which the property receives an exemption to spend in each tax year for the purposes provided by Subsection (d) or (e)(3) an amount equal to the total amount of taxes imposed on the property in the tax year preceding the year in which the organization acquired the property.

(i) If any property owned by an organization receiving an exemption under this section has been acquired or sold during the preceding year, such organization shall file by March 31 of the following year with the chief appraiser in the county in which the relevant property is located, on a form promulgated by the comptroller of public accounts, a list of such properties acquired or sold during the preceding year.

(j) An organization may not receive an exemption under Subsection (b) or (f) for property for a tax year unless the organization received an exemption under that subsection for the property for any part of the 2003 tax year.

(k) Notwithstanding Subsection (j) of this section and Sections 11.43(a) and (c), an exemption under Subsection (b) or (f) does not terminate because of a change in the ownership of the property if the property is sold at a foreclosure sale and, not later than the 30th day after the date of the sale, the owner of the property submits to the chief appraiser evidence that the property is owned by an organization that meets the requirements of Subsections (b)(1), (2), and (4). If the owner of the property submits the evidence required by this subsection, the exemption continues to apply to the property for the remainder of the current tax year and for subsequent tax years until the owner ceases to qualify the property for the exemption. This subsection does not prohibit the chief appraiser from requiring the owner to file a new application to confirm the owner’s current qualification for the exemption as provided by Section 11.43(c).

Added by Acts 1997, 75th Leg., ch. 715, Sec. 2, eff. Jan. 1, 1998. Amended by Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 842, Sec. 2, 4, eff. June 14, 2001; Acts 2001, 77th Leg., ch. 1191, Sec. 1, eff. Jan. 1, 2002; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1156, Sec. 1, 2, eff. Jan. 1, 2004; Acts 2003, 78th Leg., ch. 1275, Sec. 2(120), eff. Sept. 1, 2003.

Amended by:

Acts 2007, 80th Leg., R.S., Ch. 505 (S.B. 426), Sec. 1, eff. June 16, 2007.

Acts 2013, 83rd Leg., R.S., Ch. 399 (S.B. 193), Sec. 1, eff. January 1, 2014.

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